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“What are these substances? Medicines or drugs or sacramental foods? It is easier to say what they are not. They are not narcotics, nor intoxicants, nor energizers, nor anaesthetics, nor tranquilizers. They are, rather, biochemical keys which unlock experiences shatteringly new to most Westerners.” - Alan W. Watts
“Operationally what these psychedelics do is they dissolve cultural conditioning (...) then one returns to this ur-sprach, this primal language of the animal body, and can explore the real dimension of feeling that culture has a tendency to cut us off from. Culture replaces authentic feeling with words.” - Terence McKenna



[edit] Intro

[edit] Entheogenic alkaloids

[edit] Indole alkaloids

[edit] Tryptamine alkaloids

[edit] DMT

  • DMT or N,N-Dimethyltryptamine differs from 5-MeO-DMT just by a removal of a CH3 group chemically, but the experience that is triggered by DMT is "nothing like" 5-MeO-DMT as Terence McKenna once said. DMT is the simplest of the psychedelic tryptamines, it also has the shortest duration, and many people believe it is the most powerful entheogen. DMT is blessed with active transport through the blood-brain barrier, a service only a few substances on our body's (like glucose or amino acids) have access too.
[edit] DMT experience
  • The DMT experience is one of the most puzzling, absurd and ground-breaking experience a human can experience in his life. Yet the endogenous DMT molecule is one of the most simple psychoactive indole structures and the shortest-acting of the psychoactive indoles. When one inhales (or injects) a sufficient dose of pure DMT, one is separated from the body within seconds. The 'mind' makes a sort of quantum leap to a totally different spectrum (or channel) of reality. During a DMT trip some people have encountered 'alien beings' (and their environment) that are able to communicate with them in a 'telepathic-audial-visual-emotional' fashion.
  • "[The feeling after taking in pure DMT] is as though one had been struck by noetic lightning. The ordinary world is almost instantaneously replaced, not only with a hallucination, but a hallucination whose alien character is its utter alienness. Nothing in this world can prepare one for the impressions that fill your mind when you enter the DMT sensorium." - Terence Mckenna

[edit] 5-MeO-DMT


[edit] NMT

  • Found in:
    • "It is an alkaloid that has been found in the bark, shoots and leaves of several species of Virola, Acacia and Mimosa. It is found in numerous other plants, many of which also contain the entheogens DMT and 5-MeO-DMT. NMT is also synthetized by humans as a metabolic endproduct of tryptophan."

[edit] Psilocybin

  • Found in:
    • Psilocybin mushrooms
      • "Psylocybe (117 soorten), Gymnopilus (13 soorten), Panaeolus (7 soorten), Copelandia (12 soorten), Hypholoma (6 soorten), Pluteus (6 soorten), Inocybe (6 soorten), Conocybe (4 soorten) en Agrocybe, Galerina en Mycena (ieder 1 soort). De Psylocybesoort is erg wijd verspreid, het overgrote deel ervan groeit in de subtropische vochtige bossen van Mexico en Nieuw Guinea. Mexico heeft het grootste aantal neurotropische paddestoelsoorten (76) waarvan er 44 tot de Psilocybe horen. Dit komt neer op 39% van het totale aantal op de wereld." [27]
  • (todo) mushroom preservation in a medium of honey --> mead

[edit] Psilocin

[edit] Bufotenin

  • Found in: "It is an alkaloid found in the skin of some species of toads; in mushrooms, higher plants, and mammals; and possibly in the brain, blood plasma, and urine of schizophrenics."

[edit] Ibotenic acid

  • Found in:
    • Amenita Muscaria, note: its required to dry the mushroom first, to convert Ibotenic acid to the more stable and far less poisonous Muscimol (see below).

[edit] Muscimol

[edit] Muscazone

[edit] Muscarine

[edit] Ergoline alkaloids

  • Ergot (Fungus that infects grains of rye and related grasses.)
    • See also: History of LSD (Ergot contains similar chemicals as the synthesized LSD compound)

[edit] Ergine

  • LSA: d-Lysergic Acid Amide
  • Found in:
    • Morning glory ("Ololiuhqui", "Rivera / Turbina carymbosa")
    • Argyreia nervosa ("Hawaiian Baby Woodrose", which are actually seeds originally imported from the Indian region) (See also: [28])

[edit] beta-Carboline alkaloids

[edit] Harmaline

  • Found in: Harmal ("Peganum harmala") (The seeds contain about 2-6% alkaloids, most of which is harmaline.)

[edit] Harmane

  • Found in:

[edit] Harmine

  • Found in: "Harmine is found in a wide variety of different organisms, most of which are plants. Shulgin (1997)[7] lists about thirty different species known to contain harmine, including seven species of butterfly in the Nymphalidae family. The harmine-containing plants listed include tobacco, two species of passion flower/passion fruit, and numerous others. In addition to B. caapi, at least three members of the Malpighiaceae contain harmine, including two more Banisteriopsis species and the plant Callaeum antifebrile. The Zygophyllaceae family, which harmal belongs to, contains at least two other harmine-bearing plants: Peganum nigellastrum and Zygophyllum fabago."

[edit] Tryptoline

  • Found in:

[edit] Tetrahydroharmine

  • Found in:

[edit] Terpenoid alkaloids

[edit] Salvinorin A

[edit] Tropane alkaloids

[edit] Atropine

[edit] Scopolamine

[edit] Cocaine

  • Found in:
  • To research: is this a non-entheogenic stimulant?

[edit] Other

[edit] Cannabinoids

  • Only a light entheogenic substance, but with many other useful Human applications (medical, fabrics, food, ...).
  • Found in:
    • Cannabis (genus)
      • Hemp ("Hemp is the natural, durable soft fiber from the stalk of Cannabis sativa plants")

[edit] Plants and mushrooms

[edit] Agaricales mushroom family

[edit] Entheogens in culture

[edit] Psychoactive practices

  • Mead and Beer
    • “The humulus (hop) as ingredient for beer is an invention of the Christian monks. The monks should not be irritated by the aphrodisiac components, but instead should calm down form the hop. The pagan mead of euphoria was no simple beer, no simple mead, most likely it has been a psychoactive beverage, with intoxicating effects that stimulated creativity.” - der Heilige hain, p. 90 (translated by Q)
    • Honey
      • Honey has commonly been used as a food preservation technique since ancient times. In many cultures, honey has associations that go beyond its use as a food. Honey is frequently a talisman and symbol of sweetness. [30]
      • "Honey has been used to make mead since the Stone Age. The fact that honey can be toxic and/or psychoactive [to research: facts for these claims] - in other words, inebriating - has long been known and has been demonstrated throughout the world (Palmer-Jones 1965). Honey also has a long history of use as a healing remedy or a "heavenly medicine." In Hippocratic medicine, honey was used as "a kind of psychopharmacological agent to treat depression and melancholia, and as a geriatric medicine." (...) "There are three categories of plants that are associated with toxic honey" [31]:
      • See also:
    • Rowan
      • The berries of Rowan or Mountain-ash, were used since ancient times to flavour and preserve mead. In England it is still used in jam and other preservers because of the sorbic acid that the berries contain, and to flavour all kinds of alcaholic beverages, like: liqueurs, cordials and ale.
        • "The European rowan (S. aucuparia) has a long tradition in European mythology and folklore. It was thought to be a magical tree and protection against malevolent beings." [32]
    • Stinking nightshade ("bilsenkraut" in german)
      • "The Stinking Nightshade is still known as "Teufelsauge" (Devil's child[/eye]) or "Teufelswurz" (Devil's root). It was dedicated to Thor/Donar and used as a psychoactive compound of beer and mead. It also played a significant role in weather magic, smoke rituals and was regarded to as a strong aphrodisiac." - der Heilige hain, p. 79 (translated by Q)
      • "The Germanic God of Thunder (Thor) was known for his great appreciation for, and commitment to, drinking beer/mead. That's why the intoxicating Bock Beers where dedicated to him. It is logical that these beers dedicated to him where brewed with the plant dedicated to him: namely the Stinking Nightshade. Stinking Nightshade is known as a compound of beer since the early middle ages. The Germans, due the rarity of Stinking Nightshade in Germany and Northern-Europe, even had specialised gardens for the Stinking Nightshade. These gardens ("Bilsengärten") where protected by the Odin/Wotan the Father of Thor/Donar and where commonly concerned as sacred. These former gardens still live today in the form of geographic references, like: 'Bilsensee', 'Billendorf', 'Bilsengarten' and the 'Böhmische Pilsen'. Note that the therm pilsener itself is derived from Bilsenkraut (Stinking Nightshade)." - der Heilige hain, p. 82-83 (translated by Q)
    • Mushrooms
      • "In early German and Scandinavian documents on the art of brewing it is stated that a compound of beer or mead were mushrooms." - der Heilige hain, p. 56 (translated by Q) (todo: find original source)

[edit] Asia

  • Soma
    • "It is described as prepared by extracting juice from the stalks of a certain plant. In both Vedic and Zoroastrian tradition, the drink is identified with the plant, and also personified as a divinity, the three forming a religious or mythological unity. The identity of the original plant was most likely ephedra, although there are alternative suggestions, such as Amanita muscaria, Blue lotus or even honey."
  • Amanita muscaria ("Fly Agaric")
    • "The most famous literary account of mushroom hallucinations was presented by Oliver Goldsmith (1762) about the use of A. muscaria in northeastern Asia with the Tungus, Yakuts, Chukdles, Koryaks, and Kamchadales. One mushroom was a prize that was traded for with as many as four reindeer. A rich owner of mushrooms would have a woman chew a couple of the mushrooms into a sausage, which the male would ingest. Then when he walked outside to relieve himself later, the urine was saved by the poor in a wooden pot and reused. Apparently the active substances are even more potent in the urine than in the original material. The tradition was called "passing the pot." An entire village could remain high for a week on one to several mushrooms." [33]

[edit] South America

[edit] North America

[edit] Russia

[edit] Middle East

[edit] Sumer

[edit] Turkey

[edit] Africa

[edit] Ancient Egypt

  • Alternative names for the Sacred blue lily: Nymphaea caerulea, Egyptian blue lily, Sacred blue lily.
  • This is an entheogenic plant (see also this video).
    • "It was considered extremely significant in Egyptian mythology, since it was said to rise and fall with the Sun. Consequently, due to its colourings, it was identified, in some beliefs, as having been the original container, in a similar manner to an egg, of Atum, and in similar beliefs Ra, both solar deities. As such, its properties form the origin of the lotus variant of the Ogdoad cosmogeny. It was the symbol of the Egyptian deity Nefertem." [34]
    • "The blue lily does have psychoactive effects, but in my experience it is not a trip like acid or peyote, and instead is very mild, more so than marijuana. It is however a very powerful aphrodisiac." [35]

[edit] European

[edit] Greek

[edit] Germanic

  • "The word "Schwamm" (Sponge) is a common Germanic name (swamm in old English, svamp in Swedish, swamms in Gothic and schwammerl in Austrian German) for mushrooms. (...) Even today, the word "Schwamm", in assembled words, points at a certain cultural significance: "Feuerschwamm" (Fire mushroom), "Fliegenschwam" (Amanita Muscaria), "Hirschschwamm" (hirsch meaning deer), "Narrenschwamm" and "Zunderschwamm" (Fomes domentarius).
    • The "feuer- and zunderschwämme" (Fomes) are used for smoking and the creation of fire since the stone age.
    • The "Hirschschwamm" (Elaphomyces cervinus) is an old aphrodisiac, it makes the man like a "deer during the rut.
    • The "Narrenschwamm" (Psilocybe semilanceata) makes a person "närrisch" (crazy, scatterbrained, mad, - närrisch comes from "nar", or jester in English) after ingestion.
    • The "Fliegenschwamm" makes animals and people "fliegen" (fly), a clear shamanistic ability." (translated by Q) - der Heilige hain, p. 52
      • "A southern-germanic folklore tale describes the source of the "vliegenschwamm" or Amanita Muscaria: The God Wotan was riding his horse on Christmas night when all of the sudden he was chased by the devil. The horse started galloping and during this, red speckled foam dropped from his mouth. Where the foam hit the ground, the red and white heads of the "vliegenschwamm" would appear next year." - der Heilige hain, p. 58 (translated by Q)
  • The Swiss researcher and librarian Sergius Golowin found alp-nomads (located around the city Bern, since the dark-ages) whom, according to their own information, were practising a traditional mushroom-cultus. - der Heilige hain, p. 55 (translated by Q)
  • "It is often stated, that cannabis is a drug, alien to the German culture. But everything points to the fact that cannabis was well known and frequently used in central Europe during the stone age. The archaeological discovery of the oldest cannabis flowers did not found place in Asia, but in Europe, during the unearthing of the linear pottery culture (around 7500 years old) of Eisenberg, Thuringia. The use of cannabis was already wide spread during the neolithic. In the unearthing of the ancient baltic Narva culture, many Cannabis pollen were found. And in germanic-celtic graves (around 2500 years old) cannabis flowers were found in the form of grave goods." - der Heilige hain, p. 84 (translated by Q)

[edit] Nordic

  • "A number of rock-paintings in Scandinavia show anthropomorphic creatures with mushrooms. These scenes are highly shamanistic in nature and could point at a psychedelic-shamanistic kult." - der Heilige hain, p. 55 (translated by Q)
  • "All known examples of a remarkable Bronze Age Scandinavian religious motif are brought together for direct comparison, including those which have a dubious claim to membership in the set. These latter are dismissed on various grounds, leaving those which have a probability approaching certainty of being related. Attention is drawn to two recently discovered Swedish petroglyphs. These both link the motif, heretofore found exclusively on bronze razors, to the main body of the religious symbols of the period and provide additional evidence of the unsatisfactory nature of prior identifications. Occam's razor is utilised to propose that the motif is what it appears to be-a mushroom. An hypothesis, based on known activities of neighbouring cultures and recent ethnobotanical findings, is advanced to explain the appearance of a mushroom in a ritual context. A Swedish folk practice which may be an attenuated form of such a mushroom ritual is described." [36]

[edit] Christian

  • "Of course, the Bible does not teach against the use of herbs. In the book of Genesis, God declares that he has given humans "every herb bearing seed," and asserts that all of his creation is good. In the New Testament, Jesus never specifically addresses the use of marijuana, but his view on prohibition and purity seem to be summed up in Matthew 15:11: "It's not what goes into a man's mouth which defiles him," said Jesus, "but rather that which comes out of it." The apostle Paul also reinforces this idea in his writings. "Everything created by God is good," wrote Paul, "and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with thanksgiving." (1 Timothy, 4:4) In another book, Paul writes "I know and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus that nothing is unclean in itself; but it is unclean for any one who thinks it unclean... For the kingdom of God is not food and drink but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit." (Romans 14:14,17)" [37]
  • Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil (Genesis), male & female (todo: sexuality, seduction, tensions, oppression, dictated roles, etc.), serpent symbolism:
    • "And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, 'Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die." (see also: Ego death) ... "And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast earkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life" ... "And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever (see also: Immortality): Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life."
  • Excerpts from the King James Bible, Exodus 16: "Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; ... And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; ... And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; ... And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God. ... And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar (red.: "a white or greyish-white colour.") frost on the ground. And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna [see also: Mana]: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat. This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man ... they gathered every man according to his eating. And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning. Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them. And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted. ... This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. ... And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt. And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations. As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept."
  • Chapter 16. of the gospel of James: "And the priest said: Give up the virgin whom thou didst receive out of the temple of the Lord. And Joseph burst into tears. And the priest said: I will give you to drink of the water of the ordeal of the Lord, and He shall make manifest your sins in your eyes [see: Pupillary response]. And the priest took the water, and gave Joseph to drink and sent him away to the hill-country; and he returned unhurt. And he gave to Mary also to drink, and sent her away to the hill-country; and she returned unhurt. And all the people wondered that sin did not appear in them. And the priest said: If the Lord God has not made manifest your sins, neither do I judge you. And he sent them away. And Joseph took Mary, and went away to his own house, rejoicing and glorifying the God of Israel." [38]
    • To re-find: Sumerian art statues of "cup holder" people with dilated pupils (and perhaps other cultures?).

[edit] Modern culture

[edit] Pharmacratic Inquisitions

Related to these 'priesthood' cultures is also the continuous prosecution of all natural/herbal cultures and its practitioners. From numerous genocides of indigenous cultures around the world, to the attacks on natural healthcare in Europe and the US. These conscious and wise people were stigmatized, tortured and killed for being: shamans, druids, gnostics, 'mystics', 'witches', or 'quacks' (see also: alchemy). The neurotic priesthood knew there should be none of these conscious people in societies, if they were to subversively take control of the people and their environment.

These days the Pharmacratic Inquisitions are still going strong to benefit the global toxic-medicine based pharmaceutical industry; using weak medical schooling, medical license systems, patent law, propaganda campaigns and important natural substance prohibitions (see also: health degradation).

A highly controversial topic is the research which is showing that entheogen stimulated spiritual experiences seem to lie at the center of the main religions too. Though of course hidden, sometimes even in plain sight, and only allowed for a select group of initiates. Most Christian people refuse to research and debate this topic, because it shows how much the true history behind early Christianity-like gnostic-shamanic cultures has been suppressed and perverted into different forms of mythology, idolatry and dogma. It shows how much all main religions have strayed from the path of nature, empirical spirituality, honesty and freedom. (todo: early Judaic/Christian cultures, racial/cultural prosecutions, DMT the endogenous entheogen)

Especially entheogen-aware cultures are treated as a huge threat to the (in many places) dominating 'Western' belief systems, political structures and egoistic/materialistic/mechanical thinking. (todo: shamanic genocide history, entheogen misunderstandings, entheogen abuse, suppression of science, medical conspiracy and vitalism, secretive agenda for mental and physical capability limiting media/neuro-drugs/foods)

[edit] Research

[edit] Researchers

[edit] Literature

[edit] Video

[edit] Links

Entheogen and shamanic culture information:

Spore distribution:


Grow guides:

Online shops:


[edit] To research